Constitution is a living document, an instrument which makes the
government system work. Its flexibility lies in its amendments. In this edition,
the text of the Constitution of India has been brought up-to-date by
incorporating therein all amendments made by Parliament up to and including
the Constitution (Ninety-fourth Amendment) Act, 2006. The footnotes below
the text indicate the Constitution Amendment Acts by which such amendments
have been made.
The Constitution applies to the State of Jammu and Kashmir with certain
exceptions and modifications as provided in article 370 and the Constitution
(Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order, 1954. This Order has been
included in Appendix I for facility of reference. Appendix II contains a
re-statement of the exceptions and modifications.
The text of the constitutional amendments relating to the Constitution
(Forty-fourth Amendment) Act, 1978, the Constitution (Eighty-sixth
Amendment) Act, 2002 and the Constitution (Eighty-eighth Amendment) Act,
2003, which have not yet come into force, have been provided in the text at
the appropriate places wherever or otherwise in the footnote.
DR. K.N. CHATURVEDI,
Secretary to the Government of India
1st December 2007.